Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles
Tiles

Tiles

Tiles constitute a category of products handled by numerous dealers. It can be broken down into several types, according to period, composition and shape.

In the early 20th century, the production of ceramic tiles was widespread in many regions of North Western Europe. Since the inter-war period, cement tiles have gradually replaced ceramic tiles.

Some tiles served as a floor covering and are reused as such. Others were used as wall cladding, which is where you will generally find ceramic tiles.

Tiles are often very resistant and can stand frequent washing without a problem. Ceramic tiles can be laid outdoors without risk. Cement tiles, however, are more porous and more sensitive to humid conditions.

Terracotta tiles can also be found on the market, and are used as a floor covering. In some regions, they are often produced in a hexagonal shape.

Common products

The most common products on the market are:

  • ceramic tiles, usually square, with patterns or plain
  • cement tiles, usually square, with patterns or plain
  • terracotta tiles, square, rectangular or hexagonal, which keep their terracotta colour.
  • Etc.

Available services

The main services offered by reclaimed tile suppliers is cleaning of mortar traces. Some batches of tiles are sold fully cleaned, while others retain traces of mortar. Some applications have a greater tolerance concerning traces of mortar, while others require the tiles to be perfectly clean.

Recorded prices

Some prices recorded in Belgium, France and the Netherlands (displayed prices, private clients):

  • ceramic tiles:
    • cleaned: 60 - 100 €/m² incl. VAT
    • uncleaned: 30 to 60 €/m²

Did you know?

There are several ways to distinguish between ceramic tiles and cement tiles:

  • by eye: the pattern on a ceramic tile seems to have been drawn with a pencil, and that on a cement tile with a thicker felt-tip pen. The colours on a cement tile appear rather faded, but once wet the colours become much sharper. This contrast is less pronounced on ceramic tiles.
  • by ear: two ceramic tiles knocked together ring like glass. That is not the case with cement tiles.
  • by touch: exposed to the sun, a ceramic tile becomes hotter to the touch than a cement tile.
   

Common products

Porcelain tiles

Les carreaux en grès cérame (non émaillés) sont très durs, non rayables, non poreux et ingélifs, ce qui les rend adaptés à toutes sortes d'applications. Abondamment produits en Europe depuis le début du 20e siècle jusqu’aux années 1980, ils se rencontrent fréquemment dans des bâtiments privés et publics.

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Enamelled tiles

Les carreaux de faïence se reconnaissent à leur surface émaillée. Ils sont constitués d'un "biscuit" recouvert d'un émail qui protège les carreaux de l’abrasion et de l'humidité. Ces carreaux sont principalement utilisés comme revêtements muraux, notamment dans les pièces humides. 

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Cement based tiles

Les carreaux à base de ciment, qui comprennent également les carreaux de terrazzo, sont des carreaux très solides mais plus poreux que leurs équivalents en céramique. Ils possèdent également une longue durée de vie. Leurs propriétés les rendent particulièrement appréciés pour les pièces à usage intensif, sans risque de contact excessif avec l'humidité. Ils sont largement appréciés pour leurs motifs de surface souvent très décoratifs. 

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Terra cotta tiles

Terracotta tiles, produced in abundance in Europe since the 19th century, are resistant to wear and have a high thermal inertia. Their porosity and sometimes limited mechanical performance make them mainly suitable for certain indoor applications. 

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